L'horizon imprenable


<< یوسف و زلیخا>> اثری از کمال الدین بهزاد رو از کتاب " حلقه ها" برای این پست انتخاب کردم.. جالبه.





Kamal Al-Din Bihzad

Persian, 15th century




From a manuscript of the Bustan (Orchard) By

Sa Di

Watercolor, Ink , And Gold On Paper

12x 8 1/2 Inches (30.5 x 21.5 CM)

General Egyptian Book

Organization , Cairo






Few Persian Painters Have Inspired As Much Respect And Admiration As Kamal Al-Din Bihzad.Although numerous paitings and later connoisseurs, only the five illustrations in this celebrated fifteenth-century copy of the Bustan(Orchard) are unanimously accepted as his genuine work.Yusuf Pursued by Potiphar's Wife Zulaykha is perhaps the most dazzling and complex of the group.The story, based on the biblical version of Joseph the Patriarch, also appears in the Koran and plays an important role in Islamic religious and mystical thought

The focus of Bihzad's painting is an elaborate architectural setting.Its source is not Sa'di's own account of the Yusuf story but a mystical Persian poem entitled Yusuf and Zulaykha,written in 1483-84 by the great classical poet Jami, a contemporary of Bihzad.Four lines of this poem have been incorporated discreetly around the open hall (iwan) in the center of the painting , providing the viewer with the literary source of the composition



In Jami 's version, Zulaykha, in a desperate attempt to seduce the beautiful Yusuf, raises a palace with seven chambers, each embellished with erotic paintings of herself with Yusuf. Having lured Yusuf to the palace,Zulaykha feverishly pursues him from room to room, locking each door behind her until they reach the innermost chambre. Overcome with desire, she reaches for her beloved


An underlying theme of Jami's mystical poem is Yusuf's moral dilemma of whether to yield to Zulaykha, given the absence of any human witnesses.Bihzad's setting,with its receding, empty spaces , firmly shut doors, sharply angled walls, and zigzagging stairs, provides a brilliant visual embodiment of Yusuf's conflict. The painting captures the most dramatic moment of the encounter when Yusuf, realizing that God himself will be his witnes, chooses to tear himself free from Zulaykha. According to the poem , in the next instant the doors are miraculously flung open in front of Yusuf, allowing his escape. Bihzad 's splendid composition , executed within the strict conventions of Persian manuscript painting, transcends the requirements of the narrative, creating a highly personal interpretation of the quandaries of human and mystical love




نوشته شده در چهارشنبه ۸ فروردین ۱۳۸٦ساعت ٤:٠٥ ‎ب.ظ توسط مونا برزویی|

Design By : Mohsen Sh